Highlights of The Black Sea

The region is a real heaven for nature lovers and botanists with its oceanic climate and full of green areas, forests, rivers and waterfalls. It’s also the only one of the seven regions of Turkey in which more people live in rural rather than urban areas.Agriculture is the primary way of living. Tea and hazelnut are the main products identified with the region. Tranquility, refreshment, anti-aging are the keywords of this amazing region with fresh climate, organic products and mountain smell.It’s difficult to meet a high luxury hotels as in other regions of Turkey because of the structure of the region; but instead nice boutique hotel complexes with great scenery the region offers you. We guarantee that you will see the best open countryside you have ever seen. Summer is the best time to visit the legendary greens and summer camping grounds of Black Sea.


Safranbolu is a cute little Black Sea town with the narrow streets and merchant shops, has many restored Ottoman dwellings because of it is important heritage, Safranbolu has been declared World Heritage Site. 


In Ottoman times, the town lay on a major trade route. Its many handsome three-story stone-and-timber konaks (mansions) were erected by wealthy merchants and craftsmen. In summer they lived in cool bağlar district, and in the winter they moved down to the more sheltered Çarşı (bazaar) quarter around the Kazdağı Mosque.


Sümela Monastery


Sümela is an ancient Greek Orthodox monastery in Trabzon Province. Located at a in attitude of 1200 meters from the sea level, the site is nestled into the high cliffs of Zigana Mountains in Altındere Valley(declared as a national park in 1987) and covered by a beautiful forest.The monastery is one of the oldest and most important monasteries of Christianity in Anatolia especially for Orthodox sect. It’s considered as one of the primarily sacred places by Orthodox Christians. For that reason,this belief creates a huge potential for tourism. The  place is a very popular tourist attraction with its amazing valley scenery, surrounding green geographical nature and rocky mountains behind as well as for its cultural and religious significance. The monastery dates back to the 4th century. During its long history, it fell into ruin several times and was restored by many Emperors. It became extremely popular up until the 19th century. 


The site was abandoned in 1923 and became a museum and a popular tourist attraction The whole building houses several frescoes and wall paintings of superior quality. The beautiful frescoes remaining from the beginning of 18th century on the wallks of the monastery are biblical scenes telling the story of Jesus Christ and Virgin Mary. The influence of Turkish art can be observed as well in the design of the cupboards, niches and fireplace in the rooms sweeping the courtyard.You will be amazed by gigantic rocks standing behind the monastery and dark-skinned figures which brings a magical appearance you will feel from the first step into the building.


Uzun Göl

Having been formed when a landslide transformed the stream bed into a natural dam in the valley of the Haldizen Stream, the lake displays an attractive landscape with the surrounding spruce forests. It is 99km away from Trabzon and 19km away from Çaykara district and known as “Uzungöl”. It is located at the junction of Soğanlı and Kaçkar Mountain Ranges which hosts Turkey’s rain forests. The region is also the home to the oldest forests in a temperate zone on earth. It is green throughout all year due to abundant rainfall and relative mild climate. There are over 60 endemic plants detected at Demirkapı and Soğanlı mountains. It also has a rich region of wild animal life. Among these animals are the species of grizzly bear, roe, lynx, and mountain goat. Uzungöl is a Natural Conversation Site, a Special Conversation Zone, and a Natural Park.




The earliest evidence of civilization in Trabzon dates from 7000 BC. Establishes as a Greek colony (with Amasra and Sinop) the town benefited from its position on the busy trade route between black sea and the Mediterranean. It grew quickly and was focal point for the Pontic kings. At the beginning of the 13 th century, the Comnene dynasty established a Byzantine with its capital at Trabzon. During the Comnnene era, the city gained a reputation as a beautiful, sophisticated cultural center. The Genoese and the Venetians came here to trade as Trabzon was the terminus of a northern branch of the Silk Route.


Ayder Plateau Road, Ardesen goes through. Fırtına River (Storm Creek) valley in a right to left does not leave your side. There’s not even on the road to visit places like that, even for the bridge over the creek where the program needs to do. There are historic bridges everywhere. The remaining peaks in clouds of fog, storm the woods surrounding valley takes your breath away. You will encounter the first stone bridge, Timisvat Ottoman Taşkemer Bridge. If it’s right next to the trout plants.

You can take a break here before continuing on your way. When you arrive in the lush Ayder can not help yourself from stunning views, spectacular waterfalls incessant sound in your ears while Ayder source of health spas in Ayder are among the must see. Opened in 1992, in 2005 the Ministry of Health and Wellness Centre Spa Facility Operating Permit area has gained identity spa facilities in Ayder. Ayder Plateau where we do not recommend you to see the majesty of one of the famous image of a fairy tale castle with a bell. Which is 750 meters above sea level, the board will be amazed at Castle Ring or Ringtone.

Ayder homes in the village of goodies you’ll see during your trip. Ayder region-specific nature of which can be a guest in one of the village houses, you can witness the hospitality of the people of the Black Sea. Intertwined with nature, which will last perhaps the most spectacular images on your trip you will witness the moment you will see the time Çamlıhemşin springs. Having an indescribable beauty in the springs as much as possible we recommend you to spend time. Galer straight Kaçkar lakes, Cloud Falls, Çaymakçur Plateau of the places we suggest to see in to Ayder. If you stay here, you will need to something thick like a quilt. Because even in August and 750-meter-high cold rain is too much. Overnights in the years 1300, was founded by Halal. 19 km southeast of the town of Rize Çamlıhemşin which is located at an altitude of 1350 m is a plateau covered with spruce and beech forests.


In the Bartin province of the Black Sea region of Turkey you will find Amasra.  Located on a peninsula the town boasts 1.5 km of sandy beach, ideal for swimming, and numerous hidden caves (as you head towards Bartın).  There are also 2 islands within easy reach of the town; Büyük Ada (Great Island) and Tavşan Adası (Rabbit Island).

Historically the town was located in the Paphlagonia region, and was known as Amastris.  Throughout its history the town has been under the influence of many civilisations; such as the Seljuks, Byzantines, Romans and Ottomans.  These influences are reflected in the many historic sites, situated amongst the area’s natural beauty.

The fortress that sits atop the peninsula, overlooking the town of Amasra, is one of the best places to visit if you wish to experience the blending of these civilisations.  The castle itself was built during the Roman occupation, with the castle walls being constructed by the Byzantines and the gates being added by the Genoese (during the 14th and 15th centuries).  Within the confines of the fortress you will also find a Hamam (Turkish bath) and the 9th century Byzantine church; which was converted to a mosque in 1460 under the rule of Fatih Sultan Mehmet.

Archaeological and ethnographic artefacts from throughout the town’s history can be found in the Amasra Archaeological Museum.

On the outskirts of Amasra you will find Bird’s Rock Road Monument.  This monument was constructed by the Romans in 41-54 AD and was intended as both a monument and resting place.  It is possible to reach the monument on foot via a set of steps from the roadside.

If you are interested in learning more about Turkish culture you should explore the streets of Amasra.  You can find many craftsmen, using traditional methods, making wooden utensils and statuettes.  There are also exquisite textiles and hand made toys created from shells and fish bones.  

Ordu is the capital of the Ordu Province, which is located in the Black Sea region of Turkey.  This city is ideally located amid plateaus, mountains, forests and the sea; and boasts one of the longest and most pristine beaches of this region.  This makes it an ideal location for holidaymakers who want to partake in outdoor activities.  In fact this area is renowned for wrestling, horse racing, fishing and hunting.

Historically this area has been settled since 15,000 BC.  However, the first city to be founded here was Cotyora in the 8th century BC.  This Ancient Greek city was founded in one of the many Milesian coastal colonies and was subsequently occupied by the Danishmends, Seljuks and Ottomans.  Due to this the area has a number of historical sites for travellers to visit.

The Paşaoğlu Pavilion and Ethnography Museum, founded in 1986, is one of the best examples of Turkish architecture; as are the numerous traditional houses scattered throughout the city centre.  You can also visit a number of mosques; such as Atik Ibrahim Pasa Camii (built in 1770), Efirli Camii and Eski Pazar Camii (which has an adjoining Turkish bath).  Other sites in the city and province are the Hellenistic Kaleköy Castle Rock Cemetery, Mesudiye Town Stone Cemetery, Unye Castle (2500 years old), Gölköy Castle, Yali Hamam (Turkish bath), Taşbaşı culture centre, Olaksuye Fountain (1842) and many more.


Black Sea Climate 

The climate is mainly effective on the slopes of North Anatolian Mountains overlooking to Black Sea, General Features of Black Sea climate include:

Every Season is rainy. Max. Rain in the Eastern Black Sea region falls in the autumn and minimum rain falls in the spring. Annual rainfall is about 2000-2500 mm. Western Black sea climate characteristics are similar to Eastern Black Sea region and max. Rainfall is in autumn and min. Rainfall is in Spring, average annual rainfall is between 1000-1500 mm. In the Middle of Black Sea region, Maximum rainfalls are in winter and minimum rainfalls are in summer. Annual rainfall is in middle Black Sea region is between 700-100 mm.


* Average snowy days in the areas where Black Sea climate is effective is 18.

* The average annual temperature is 13-15 °C.

* Average temperature in January is 6-7 °C.

* Average temperature in July is 21-23 °C.

* The annual temperature difference is 13-15 °C.

* The natural vegetation is forest and in high points alpine meadows forms the flora.


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